prof. dr hab. Tadeusz BORYS – Uniwersytet Zielonogórski, Katedra Zarządzania Środowiskiem i Gospodarką Publiczną, Instytut Nauk o Zarządzaniu i Jakości, ul. Licealna 9, 65–417 Zielona Góra, Polska; e-mail:

received 16.08.2021
accepted 20.08.2021


Purpose: The purpose of this article is to identify gratitude as another component of the feelings module of the quality of life by seeking answers to the following four important questions: what is gratitude? (that feeling or emotion); what are the related feelings of gratitude? (mutually supportive energies); what are the emotional curtains of gratitude? (“sleepers” of gratitude) and why should we be grateful? (nothing more profitable). This article, in its content and form, refers to the two previous publications (No. 3 and 6/2021 “Problems of Quality”) [1, 2], in which an attempt was made to define the feelings module and the recognition of subsequent its components was announced.
Design/methodology/approach: The article uses, with some necessary modification of research questions, the structure of the analysis adopted in the publication [2] on hope. This significantly increases the comparative value of this article. This is important to ensure the necessary consistency in the approach to concept analysis under consideration in this cycle. The recognition of the gratitude category was based on a literature review and semantic analysis of this category.
Findings/conclusions: The main conclusion of the article boils down to the statement that the source of gratitude lies in the emotional (spiritual) sphere and emotional logic, and the three most frequently mentioned emotional forms (affective trait, mood and emotion) can be and generally are colors (emotional imaging) this feeling. Thus, the psychic sphere also plays an important role here, but true gratitude, i.e. the source of possible positive emotional states (as psychological derivative states), is the feeling of gratitude, and not the independent, felt in autonomy, emotional state.
Originality/value: The features of the cognitive novelty of this article should be primarily seen in the presented approach to the category of gratitude, based on a clear distinction between feelings and emotions and the conclusion that despite the advancement of research in the field of psychology, there is still no clear separation between the psychic and feelings spheres. It is for this reason that a large part of this research lacks clear inspiration in reaching the essence of humanity, i.e. the sphere of feelings and, consequently, recognizing gratitude as a feelings category.


quality of life, module, feelings, emotions, gratitude

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