CategoryIn issue 01-2024, publication

Utilizing World Class Manufacturing and Circular Economy Principles in the Context of Sustainable Development


mgr inż. Mateusz GAWLIŃSKI – Freelance researcher
mgr inż. Patrycja DUL – AGH University of Krakow, al. Adama Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland
dr inż. Katarzyna ŁYP-WROŃSKA – AGH University of Krakow, al. Adama Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland; e-mail:

Received 11.02.2024.
Accepted 21.02.2024

Purpose: This study aims to identify opportunities for mutual enrichment of WCM, CE, and production in manufacturing companies through the integration of environmental and sustainable development aspects.
Design/methodology/approach: Research methods employed include literature analysis, field research, qualitative and quantitative data analysis, case studies, and observations of practices in manufacturing organizations.
Findings/conclusions: The study suggests the potential for synergy between WCM and CE, especially in the context of sustainable development. Implementing these concepts requires innovative technological and organizational solutions.
Research limitations: The study has limitations, including a limited scope in terms of industries and regions, which may affect the universality of the findings.
Practical implications: The results offer practical guidance for companies aiming to adopt WCM and CE principles, enabling them to achieve operational excellence and sustainable development.
Originality/value: The study is original in its approach to integrating WCM and CE, particularly regarding the environmental aspect.

World Class Manufacturing, WCM, problem solving, circular economy, environmental pillar

Quality management – from selective to sustainable quality


prof. dr hab. Tadeusz BORYS – Uniwersytet Zielonogórski, Katedra Zarządzania Środowiskiem i Gospodarką Publiczną, Instytut Nauk o Zarządzaniu i Jakości, ul. Licealna 9, 65-417 Zielona Góra, Polska; e-mail:
dr hab. Piotr ROGALA – Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny we Wrocławiu, Filia w Jeleniej Górze, Katedra Zarządzania Jakością i Środowiskiem, ul. Nowowiejska 3, 58-500 Jelenia Góra, Polska
dr hab. Sławomir WAWAK – Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Krakowie, Kolegium Nauk o Zarządzaniu i Jakości, ul. Rakowicka 27, 30-510 Kraków, Polska

Received 16.01.2024
Accepted 30.01.2024

Purpose: The purpose of the study is to analyze various approaches to the evolution of quality management and to propose an original, in-depth approach to this issue. The authors focus on the differences between individual generations of quality management, particularly emphasizing TQM’s role in this evolution.
Design/methodology/approach: The analysis was based on a review of the literature and available reports on the current state of knowledge in quality management. Particular attention was paid to publications on quality 4.0 and 5.0 contained in scientific databases.
Findings/conclusions: The authors identified attributes assigned to each generation of quality management. The place of TQM in the evolution of quality management and quality 4.0 was determined and recognized as a new generation of TQM, significantly expanded through data digitization. Challenges faced by the emerging generation of quality management known as Quality 5.0 – Sustainable Quality were also identified.
Originality/value: The work contributes to a better understanding of the evolution of quality management, especially in the context of problems related to generation numbering and the role of TQM in the evolution. The analysis of the attributes of individual generations and their impact on the quality of life brings a new perspective in this area of management and quality sciences. The originality also lies in the broad approach to TQM as a philosophy of pro-quality management, which made it possible to treat quality 4.0 and 5.0 as an extension of the holistic approach to quality characteristic of TQM, the conventional “starting point” of which is quality 3.0. This means a departure from the so-often-seen narrow approach to TQM as a specific management method, which should now become a thing of the past in the history of quality management.

quality management, evolution, TQM, quality 4.0, quality 5.0

Qualitology – selected concepts of the general theory of quality developed by the representatives of the Polish School of Quality


dr inż. Joanna MAJCHRZAK – Poznan University of Technology, Pl. Marii Skłodowskiej-Curie 5, 60-965 Poznań, Poland; e-mail:

Received 8.01.2024.
Accepted 5.02.2024

Purpose: The aim of the study is a comparative analysis of selected concepts of the general theory of quality, including the identification of the similarities and differences between the concepts of the division of quality science, characterization of the terminological conventions and indication of the directions for future studies.
Design/methodology/approach: The method of literature analysis was used in the work, so as to demonstrate with this method what we know and what is contained in the literature, and what does not exist and should be known by research.
Findings/conclusions: Selected concepts of the research subject of the theory of quality and its place among other scientific disciplines, the basic objectives of quality science and selected elements of the terminological convention were summarized. The distinguishing features of the general theory of quality in terms of selected representatives of the Polish School of Quality were recognized.
Research limitations: The considerations refer to the research results of representatives of the Polish School of Quality, i.e., R. Kolman, W. Mantura and T. Borys, whose publications make a significant contribution to the development of the general theory of quality.
Practical implications: The systematics of the general theory of quality creates an opportunity for the unification of research approaches, integration of developed methods and solutions to quality problems.
Originality/value: The paper refers to the concept of qualitology, understood as an interdisciplinary field of knowledge, shaped on the basis of existing achievements of sciences and knowledge derived from practice, the theory of a specific concept, i.e., the theory of quality.
the general theory of quality, qualitology, qualitative modeling of objects, Polish School of Quality