dr hab. Adam Skrzypek – prof. UPH, Instytut Nauk o Zarządzaniu i Jakości, Wydział Nauk Społecznych, UPH Siedlce, ul. Żytnia 39, 08-110 Siedlce, Polska; e-mail: email@example.com
The 21st century brings many changes to the whole of the global economy, in all areas in which organizations, societies and people function. The fourth industrial revolution generates changes caused by the digital transformation of industry, at the heart of which are intelligent machines and ubiquitous digitisation. Industry 4.0 is the unification of the real world of production machines with the virtual world of the Internet and information technologies. The aim of the article is to point out the essence and components of the fourth industrial revolution, showing the increase in interest in solutions undertaken in Industry 4.0 in the light of publications published in the WoS and Google Scholar databases. Moreover, it points to the consequences of the 4.0 Revolution and the dilemmas related to it. An important aim is also to point out the characteristic features of Civilization 5.0 in a super-intelligent Society 5.0. The research method is the analysis of available literature, own research and inference. The research and analysis carried out leads to the following conclusions: the ability to manage change within Industry 4.0 becomes a fundamental knowledge-based competence, the quality of equipment used in digitisation processes must systematically increase, organisations must solve technical, economic, social, cultural and ethical problems that will increase as Civilisation 4.0 develops and Civilisation 5.0 emerges.
fourth industrial revolution, industry 4.0, digitisation, civilisation 5.0